National FGM Centre

Key Stage 1 lesson plans


This lesson plan has been designed for students in key stages 1. The below pack contains a teachers guidance, including wording you can follow and adapt during the lesson. You also have the choice of using the powerpoint presentation below, or the animated video, which you can start and stop at the various points you need – making it a more interactive experience for students. We recommend you prepare by reading through the lesson plans to determine what else you may need to deliver the lesson. We recommend you:

  • Have 2 teachers to be present during the lesson, 1 to deliver the lesson and 1 to provide support to any pupils who may require it  
  • Decide beforehand whether you wish to use the PowerPoint or animated video
  • Ensure video and audio is available 
  • Consider using a flip chart or board 
  • Print activity sheet 1: ‘Growing Up’, found in the lesson plan

Teachers Guidance

Learning objectives:

  • For students to understand their rights
  • For students to understand what FGM is
  • For the students to understand that FGM is illegal in the UK

Learning outcomes  

  • Age-appropriate and improved understanding why FGM is child abuse  
  • Increased awareness that FGM is against the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and illegal in the UK  
  • Knowledge that no one has the right to touch or harm their body   
  • Awareness and increased confidence about who to go to for support  

Choose to teach with either the PowerPoint Presentation or Animated Video

Engaging parents

Engaging parents on the curriculum you will be teaching is not only important but also effective in creating lasting impact in communities in ending FGM, as it enables conversations around the practice to continue in the home and wider communities.  

Effective ways to engage with parents about your plans to teach FGM in your school are to:  

  • Share data in relation to violence against women and girls  
  • Data in relation to FGM (you can use our FGM prevalence map)  
  • The UN goal and UK governments priority to end FGM by 2030, and our collective objective to ensure that all children are safe and therefore need to know and understand this information  
  • The need to empower children to have autonomy over their bodies to safeguard and protect from harm 


  • Show the content of the lesson plans 
  • Share the imagery and language that will be used  
  • Share the ethos and style you will be using I.E., the lessons take a rights- based approach to teaching about the subject, and are intended to empower children to think about making a positive impact on society  
  • Share that all lessons are age-appropriate and follow a spiral curriculum  

Could you do this via parent focus groups, workshops, or coffee mornings/afternoons for example? Or perhaps termly assemblies or frequent newsletters work better in your school?

Frequently asked questions by children, and how to answer:

How many women and girls are affected by FGM? 

An estimated 200 million girls and women alive today are believed to have been subjected to FGM worldwide, but we could never know the true numbers because of how hidden it is 

Which types of FGM are most common? 

Types I and II are the most common, but there is variation amongst different communities. 

Where does the practice come from? 

We don’t know for sure, but it does predate Christianity and Islam – it doesn’t have anything to do with religion 

Why would someone want to hurt girls?  

The adults who do this often haven’t FGM lessons like you are having and believe that it can prepare a girl for marriage, or it can keep a girl clean 

Parents are there to protect girls but sometimes parents can have muddled thinking, and think it’s the right thing to do, but it’s very harmful  

Is FGM illegal? 

Yes – FGM is illegal in the UK. It is illegal to perform FGM on a girl in or outside the UK, it is illegal to organise FGM for a girl, and it is illegal to force a girl to do FGM on herself 

Am I at risk of FGM? 

If something doesn’t feel right for you, you should always speak to a trusted adult – sometimes a worry or concern can be a feeling in your tummy or sometimes in your head. It’s always okay to speak to a teacher or another adult you trust – there is always someone there ready to help and support you. 

What should I do if someone comes to me with a worry or concern? 

You should always encourage and support them to speak to a trusted adult, and you can also share your concerns with a trusted adult too. 

What can I do to end FGM? 

There are lots of things you can do to help end FGM – and one of the main ones is to talk about it to raise awareness. More people need to know that the practice is harmful to bring it to an end. 

If you are a professional working with a girl you are concerned is at risk/has undergone FGM please click here to view our referral guide.