FGM Resources

National FGM Centre

FGM Guidance for all Professionals

FGM Good Practice Guidance for Social Workers

(National FGM Centre, 2018)

This comprehensive guide for social workers forms part of our FGM Assessment Tool. The guidance provides information and tips on how to deal with FGM cases from analysing the referral, gathering information, questions to ask, analysing risk (with the online assessment) and safety planning.

FGM Guidance for Healthcare Staff

(Department of Health, 2015-17)

This guide for healthcare staff includes the Department of Health FGM Screening Tool, guidance on recording FGM Cases, mandatory reporting duties and safeguarding pathways.

Multi-Agency Statutory Guidance on FGM

(Department for Education, Department of Health and Social Care and Home Office, 2016)

This multi-agency guidance on female genital mutilation (FGM) should be read and followed by all persons and bodies in England and Wales who are under statutory duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and vulnerable adults. It includes general information on FGM, FGM Protection Orders, the law and safeguarding duties.

Mandatory Reporting of FGM: Procedural Information

(Department for Education and Home Office, 2016)

A mandatory reporting duty for FGM requires regulated health and social care professionals and teachers in England and Wales to report known cases of FGM in under 18-year-olds to the police. The FGM duty came into force on 31 October 2015. This document gives relevant professionals and the police information on the mandatory reporting duty.


FGM Legislation in the UK Factsheet

(National FGM Centre, 2018)

Infographic highlighting the key pieces of FGM specific legislation in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

FGM Resources for Families

What is FGM?

(National FGM Centre, 2018)

This leaflet has been created by the National FGM Centre to help educate professionals and families on Female Genital Mutilation. Topics include what FGM is, the consequences and what to do if you are worried.

FGM Protection Orders

(Part of the Serious Crime Act, 2015)

Female Genital Mutilation Protection Orders (FGMPOs) offer a legal means to protect and safeguard victims and potential victims of FGM. FGMPOs are granted by a court and are unique to each case. They contain conditions to protect a victim or potential victim from FGM. This could include, for example, surrendering a passport to prevent the person at risk from being taken abroad for FGM or requirements that no one arranges for FGM to be performed on the person being protected.

A Statement Opposing FGM 

(Home Office, Department for Education, Department for International Development, Department of Health and Social Care, and Ministry of Justice, 2016)

Families travelling overseas to countries where FGM is prevalent should take this statement with them. The passports can be downloaded in several languages. They can show it to their families as it clarifies that FGM is a serious criminal offence in the UK with a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison for anyone found guilty. Overseas relatives, or whoever is caring for them abroad, may also be guilty of an offence if they fail to protect all family members from FGM being carried out.

FGM Leaflet for Pregnant Women

(National FGM Centre, 2016)

This leaflet is for pregnant women who have disclosed or have been identified as having FGM. It explains why a case may be referred to social care, what the law and health consequences are and links to how a family can protect their daughter. The leaflet also shows a diagram of the female genitalia that is labelled for women to be able to identify the types of FGM.

FGM Resources for All Professionals

A Guide to a Good FGM referral

(National FGM Centre, 2017)

This is a guide for professionals who are thinking about making a referral and what to know what information to include and questions to ask families where appropriate. This guide can also be used by safeguarding advisors who are looking to gather more information on a referral.

FGM Local Terminology and Language Guide

(National FGM Centre, 2018)

This document contains the traditional and local terms for Female Genital Mutilation by country and language. We recommend you ask the family what word they would use to describe FGM and you can use this document to help guide your discussion.

FGM Global Prevalence Map

(National FGM Centre, 2018)

Information on the prevalence of FGM across the world including regional variations, legal contexts and high risk age groups. Our interactive map is one of the most popular pages on our site, used by professionals across the country. Click ‘Read More’ to go to the page.

FGM Specialist Clinics in the UK

(NHS England, 2017)

This is a list of the current clinics in the UK that specialises in FGM identification and treatment, including deinfibulation. This may be useful for women and girls looking to find out what type of FGM they have or for identifying if FGM has occurred.

FGM e-learning for Professionals

(Home Office, 2018)

This e-learning for professionals provides information and guidance around FGM, identifying when a girl may be at risk of FGM or has undergone FGM and relevant safeguarding duties and expectations of professionals. There is health specific e-learning that can be found here.

Practice Reflection for FGM and Harmful Practices

(National FGM Centre, 2018)

This tool is to be used by social workers when reflecting on FGM and other harmful practices (e.g breast flattening or child abuse linked to faith or belief) cases. Social workers should use this tool to reflect on their practice throughout a case. Social workers should aim to use this tool prior to supervision with their manager, and on an ongoing basis to then discuss within regular supervisions.

More useful resources, research, guidance and leaflets can be found on Knowledge  Hub, you can search or use the filters to find what you are looking for. If you think something is missing then let us know by email.

FGM Resources for Health

E-learning for Healthcare Professionals

The e-FGM educational programme has been developed by Health Education England e-Learning for Healthcare and is provided free to all healthcare professionals, including school nurses, practice nurses, health visitors and GPs.

Mandatory Reporting for Healthcare Professionals

Resources explaining healthcare professionals’ duty to report cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) in girls under 18.

FGM Resources for Schools

Addressing FGM in schools

This resource has been developed with the support of the Home Office and Department for International Development. It offers guidance on teaching about FGM as part of the PSHE curriculum. Additionally, it aims to raise awareness among staff about the warning signs of FGM and the responsibilities of school staff in this regard.

The issue of how to approach the topic of FGM with a younger age group in primary schools was one St Werburgh’s Primary School and Integrate Bristol was determined to address, particularly as they are more vulnerable.

KS3 FGM Lesson plan

This lesson has been written to raise awareness of the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and to inform young people of the facts and issues, and how and where to get help if they need to.

General FGM Resources

Communities tackling FGM in the UK

Summary of the findings from the external evaluation of a 3-year initiative to tackle FGM through community-based prevention. Finds that rejection of FGM has increased in areas where community-based preventive work is taking place. Outlines the successful strategies employed by community groups and makes recommendations for policymakers.

Provision for confirming suspected FGM in children

Confirmation that FGM has been carried out may be required as part of a safeguarding or criminal investigation and a timely appointment should be arranged for a physical examination as soon as possible.